Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi
Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi
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Pundicity: Informed Opinion and Review
 

Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi's Blog

التصعيد العسكري في درعا: مقابلة

اليوم شهدت محافظة درعا تصعيداً عسكرياً كبيراً مع سيطرة مقاتلين محليين على عدة حواجز تابعة لقوات الحكومة السورية وأسر العديد من العساكر. وكانت الحواجز تابعة لقوات مثل المخابرات الجوية والفرقة الرابعة (والفرقة هي جهة مهمة في أحداث درعا). وكان السبب الفوري وراء التصعيد عملاً عسكرياً قامت به قوات الحكومة السورية على أحياء في درعا البلد (الجزء الجنوبي من مدينة درعا) وسط تهم متبادلة بعدم إلتزام بالإتفاقات المبرمة بين وجهاء درعا البلد من جهة واللجنة الأمنية التابعة للحكومة من جهة أخرى.

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By أيمن جواد التميمي  |  Thu, July 29, 2021 2:50 PM  |  Permalink

Military Escalation in Deraa: Interview

Today has seen a large scale military escalation in Deraa, with armed locals seizing a number of checkpoints of Syrian government forces in localities across the province and taking a number of government forces personnel as prisoners. Those checkpoints belonged to forces such as the air intelligence and the Syrian army's Fourth Division, which is a key military actor in Deraa. The immediate trigger of this escalation has been military action that Syrian government forces undertook against parts of Deraa al-Balad (the southern half of Deraa city), amid mutual accusations of failure to adhere to agreements that were negotiated between local notables from Deraa al-Balad and the government-affiliated security committee.

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Thu, July 29, 2021 2:03 PM  |  Permalink

Archive: The Complete Works of Bishop Elipandus of Toledo

My interest in the corpus of writings of Bishop Elipandus of Toledo began last month with a reference to followers of the Iberian heretic Migetius in correspondence between the ninth century Mozarabic writer Álvaro of Córdoba and Bishop Saul. Now, more than a month later, I am pleased to say that I have translated all the surviving works of Elipandus, who wrote a refutation of Migetius' heretical teachings on the Trinity but then espoused his own doctrine of Adoptionism (i.e. that Christ, in his human nature, was the adopted Son of God) that came to be denounced as heresy. The exact origin of this Adoptionism is debated: for example, some may attribute it to the influence of Elipandus' environment in Muslim-controlled Spain, others may see it as developing out of the refutation of Migetius' heresy. Whatever the case, the doctrine appears to have gained some following among Christians in Muslim-controlled Spain during the late eighth century CE and could have spread more widely among the populations in the Christian realms Asturias and the Carolingian Empire. However, the sharp denunciations of Adoptionism as heresy and the deaths of Elipandus and Felix led to the trend's eventual demise.

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Tue, July 27, 2021 8:01 PM  |  Permalink

Mozarabic Writings: Bishop Elipandus of Toledo's Letter to Felix

For other writings of the Elipandus corpus, see:

. Letter to Migetius
. Symbol of the Elipandian Faith
. Letter to Fidelis
. Letter of the Bishops of Spain
. Letter to Charlemagne
. Letter to Alcuin of York

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The following post contains a translation and overview of the last letter in the Elipandus corpus as contained in Juan Gil's Corpus Scriptorum Muzarabicorum. The letter is directed to Bishop Felix of Urgell, who came to espouse Elipandus' Adoptionism but actually repudiated it publicly on more than one occasion in the 790s CE, including on one occasion before Pope Hadrian I. This particular letter is thought to date to 798/799 CE. It was during this period that Felix ended up in the presence of Charlemagne (who had conquered Felix's jurisdiction in 789 CE) and debated Alcuin.

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Tue, July 27, 2021 7:29 PM  |  Permalink

Syrian Refugees in Lebanon Amid the Economic Collapse: Interview

At this point, the sharp deterioration in the economic and living situation in Lebanon is apparent to observers and has frequently been written about. Syrian refugees in the country stand to be hit particularly hard by this deterioration, and many undoubtedly want to flee. Below is an interview I conducted with one person originally from Jalin in Deraa province and currently residing in Lebanon as a refugee. He hopes to escape to Europe. This interview was conducted on 17 July 2021. Any parenthetical insertions in square brackets are my own.

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Mon, July 26, 2021 5:59 PM  |  Permalink

Mozarabic Writings: Bishop Elipandus of Toledo's Letter to Alcuin of York

For other writings of the Elipandus corpus, see:

. Letter to Migetius
. Symbol of the Elipandian Faith
. Letter to Fidelis
. Letter of the Bishops of Spain
. Letter to Charlemagne

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Mon, July 26, 2021 10:10 AM  |  Permalink

Islamic State Editorial on the Sadr City Bombing

The Islamic State recently claimed a suicide bomb attack in Sadr City in Baghdad that killed and wounded dozens of people. The attack proved to be a particular moment of joy for the group's supporters, coinciding with the start of Eid al-Adha. The group's media department has also responded quickly to the event, making the bombing the topic of its editorial for this week's issue of the group's al-Naba' newsletter. The editorial's main points in summary:

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Fri, July 23, 2021 1:20 PM  |  Permalink

'The Rafidite Catastrophes'- Islamic State Editorial on Iraq's Hospital Fires

Iraq has witnessed another incident of a massive fire at a COVID hospital ward that has killed scores of people, this time in the southern city of Nasiriya. The Islamic State's media department has decided to make this incident the focus of the editorial in this week's issue of the al-Naba' newsletter. Entitled 'The Rafidite Catastrophes' (Rafidite being a derogatory reference to the Shi'a), the editorial argues that these fires and other disaster incidents that befall Iraq's Shi'a population are not the result of militia influence or governmental corruption etc., but rather a sign of God's torment against the Shi'a for their idolatry and war against the Muslims. God has repeatedly sent His punishments on the disbelieving nations (again the familiar historical narrative theme that 'history repeats itself') and He does so through natural disasters and through imposing the believers on the disbelievers in conquest, subjugation and vanquishing, with the latter reflecting God's promise to the believers for victory and the mastery of the Muslims over the land to impose the sole rule of the Islamic law (the Shari'a). The editorial again stresses the importance of certainty in God's promise and this overall worldview (similar to the line in the last editorial on the anti-Islamic State coalition in Rome).

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Thu, July 15, 2021 6:28 PM  |  Permalink

'The Crusader Alliance Between Rome and Dabiq': Islamic State Editorial on the Coalition Meeting in Rome

In late June, a meeting was held in Rome for the coalition that was formed by the United States to combat the Islamic State. The meeting discussed ongoing problems of the Islamic State insurgency in various parts of the world with particular concerns expressed about the Islamic State expansion and presence in Africa. The Islamic State's al-Naba' newsletter has made this meeting the subject of its editorial in this week's issue. The editorial mocks the coalition (which it incorrectly claims was formed eight years ago: the coalition was actually formed in September 2014) for its supposed inability to defeat the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, let alone inflict 'enduring defeat' on it.

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Thu, July 8, 2021 7:57 PM  |  Permalink

The Biography of the Prophet Muhammad in Lucas of Tuy's Chronicon Mundi

For other Latin works from medieval Spain that include accounts of the life of the Prophet Muhammad, see:

. The Byzantine-Arabic Chronicle
. The Mozarabic Chronicle
. Eulogius of Córdoba's Apologia for the Martyrs of Córdoba
. The Prophetic Chronicle
. The Tultusceptru from the Book of Lord Metobius
. Mark of Toledo's Prologue to his Latin translation of the Qur'an

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The Chronicon Mundi, which translates as 'Chronicle of the World,' is a universal history work that was written by Lucas Tudensis (Lucas of Tuy/Lucas de Tuy). According to Emma Falque in her introduction to the modern critical edition of the original Latin text as published by Brepols' Corpus Christianorum series:

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By Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi  |  Tue, July 6, 2021 4:04 PM  |  Permalink

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