Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi
Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi
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Pundicity: Informed Opinion and Review
 

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Archive: The Complete Works of Bishop Elipandus of Toledo

July 27, 2021 at 8:01 pm

My interest in the corpus of writings of Bishop Elipandus of Toledo began last month with a reference to followers of the Iberian heretic Migetius in correspondence between the ninth century Mozarabic writer Álvaro of Córdoba and Bishop Saul. Now, more than a month later, I am pleased to say that I have translated all the surviving works of Elipandus, who wrote a refutation of Migetius' heretical teachings on the Trinity but then espoused his own doctrine of Adoptionism (i.e. that Christ, in his human nature, was the adopted Son of God) that came to be denounced as heresy. The exact origin of this Adoptionism is debated: for example, some may attribute it to the influence of Elipandus' environment in Muslim-controlled Spain, others may see it as developing out of the refutation of Migetius' heresy. Whatever the case, the doctrine appears to have gained some following among Christians in Muslim-controlled Spain during the late eighth century CE and could have spread more widely among the populations in the Christian realms Asturias and the Carolingian Empire. However, the sharp denunciations of Adoptionism as heresy and the deaths of Elipandus and Felix led to the trend's eventual demise.

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Mozarabic Writings: Bishop Elipandus of Toledo's Letter to Felix

July 27, 2021 at 7:29 pm

For other writings of the Elipandus corpus, see:

. Letter to Migetius
. Symbol of the Elipandian Faith
. Letter to Fidelis
. Letter of the Bishops of Spain
. Letter to Charlemagne
. Letter to Alcuin of York

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Syrian Refugees in Lebanon Amid the Economic Collapse: Interview

July 26, 2021 at 5:59 pm

At this point, the sharp deterioration in the economic and living situation in Lebanon is apparent to observers and has frequently been written about. Syrian refugees in the country stand to be hit particularly hard by this deterioration, and many undoubtedly want to flee. Below is an interview I conducted with one person originally from Jalin in Deraa province and currently residing in Lebanon as a refugee. He hopes to escape to Europe. This interview was conducted on 17 July 2021. Any parenthetical insertions in square brackets are my own.

Q: When did you come to Lebanon and for what reasons did you come?

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Mozarabic Writings: Bishop Elipandus of Toledo's Letter to Alcuin of York

July 26, 2021 at 10:10 am

For other writings of the Elipandus corpus, see:

. Letter to Migetius
. Symbol of the Elipandian Faith
. Letter to Fidelis
. Letter of the Bishops of Spain
. Letter to Charlemagne

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Islamic State Editorial on the Sadr City Bombing

July 23, 2021 at 1:20 pm

The Islamic State recently claimed a suicide bomb attack in Sadr City in Baghdad that killed and wounded dozens of people. The attack proved to be a particular moment of joy for the group's supporters, coinciding with the start of Eid al-Adha. The group's media department has also responded quickly to the event, making the bombing the topic of its editorial for this week's issue of the group's al-Naba' newsletter. The editorial's main points in summary:

. The attack proves the failure of the Americans and their allies to destroy the Islamic State, whose jihad continues. Their condemnation of the attacks reflects their own worry about the Islamic State and the danger it poses to them despite all their years of efforts.

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