Officially, Libya's main warring sides (namely, the 'Government of National Accord' based out of Tripoli in western Libya, and Khalifa Haftar's 'Libyan National Army' forces in eastern and central Libya) came to a ceasefire agreement last year. There are supposed to be elections later this year to pave the way for a lasting political settlement in the country. However, Syrian fighters who have deployed on the main warring sides remain in the country. Those who have deployed in the areas of the 'Government of National Accord' have done so with Turkish support, while those who have deployed in areas controlled by Haftar's forces have done so with Russian support. This phenomenon is indicative of the wider problem facing Libya: it is one thing to establish an official unitary government, but quite another to bring together the military forces of the warring sides into unified armed forces and resolve the status of foreign fighters who have been brought in by foreign patrons of the warring sides.
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